Incremento na Alavancagem Impulsionado pela Adoção do Padrão Internacional Contábil



Artigo principal Conteúdo

Pâmela Amado Tristão
Igor Bernardi Sonza

Resumo

Contexto: a adoção das Normas Internacionais Contábeis (IFRS) no Brasil aprimorou as práticas de governança corporativa e informações disponíveis para investidores, proporcionando maior transparência. Apesar de seu efeito obrigatório, empresas listadas nos segmentos da B3 (Novo Mercado e Nível 2) já estavam ajustadas nesse padrão, permitindo sua comparação com empresas afetadas pela lei. Objetivo: analisar influência da adoção das IFRS na estrutura de capital das empresas de capital aberto brasileiras comparando empresas afetadas pela lei (Regular e Nível 1) com as já adequadas ao padrão internacional (Novo Mercado e Nível 2). Método: realizamos um estudo quase-experimental pela estimação do modelo Diferenças em Diferenças (DID) para comparar os níveis de alavancagem das empresas antes e depois das IFRS. Conclusões: identificamos que as empresas tratadas tiveram maior alavancagem de mercado após a adoção do IFRS, influenciadas pela maior divulgação de informações e, consequentemente, menor percepção de risco dos investidores. A estimação do modelo DID evidenciou que as diferenças obtidas foram influenciadas pelo maior efeito na alavancagem de mercado para as empresas tratadas e na dívida líquida para as empresas de controle. As premissas da teoria do pecking order foram confirmadas para a maioria das variáveis de controle.



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Tristão, P. A., & Sonza, I. B. (2021). Incremento na Alavancagem Impulsionado pela Adoção do Padrão Internacional Contábil. Revista De Administração Contemporânea, 25(4), e200157. https://doi.org/10.1590/1982-7849rac2021200157.en
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