Casos Múltiplos de Voluntariado Pró-Vida em uma Abordagem Ética Neoaristotélica



Artigo principal Conteúdo

Maria Clara Figueiredo Dalla Costa Ames
Mauricio Custódio Serafim

Resumo

Objetivo: compreender a relação entre virtudes morais e phronesis a partir de voluntários de organizações da sociedade civil que atuam pela proteção e auxílio de gestantes, conhecidas como pró-vida. Marco teórico: apresenta-se a perspectiva da ética das virtudes na abordagem neoaristotélica como arcabouço teórico, segundo a qual a conduta humana é entendida com base nas disposições do caráter, as virtudes morais, bem como por meio da sabedoria prática ou phronesis, tendo por finalidade (telos) o florescimento humano. Método: a estratégia de pesquisa consiste em uma abordagem qualitativa de estudos de casos múltiplos em organizações brasileiras (n = 2) e espanholas (n = 2), focando-se em seus voluntários (n = 17 participantes). O acesso ao campo foi realizado por meio de observação participante, entrevista presencial semiestruturada e pesquisa documental, analisando tematicamente o seu conteúdo com o auxílio do software NVivo. Resultados: os resultados sugerem como eles atuam e aprendem virtudes ao longo de sua experiência como voluntário – prudência (phronesis), temperança, coragem e esperança – para saber abordar, aconselhar, julgar ou conter o julgamento e ajudar gestantes a estabelecer prioridades e perspectivas para o futuro (foresight). As evidências suportam a relação entre phronesis-temperança e phronesis-esperança, para equilibrar prioridades correntes e expectativas futuras. Conclusão: contextos diferentes podem revelar virtudes semelhantes nas práticas de voluntários. Os resultados reforçam o pressuposto da unidade das virtudes. Evidências, limitações e possibilidades de pesquisa são discutidas.



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Ames, M. C. F. D. C., & Serafim, M. C. (2022). Casos Múltiplos de Voluntariado Pró-Vida em uma Abordagem Ética Neoaristotélica. Revista De Administração Contemporânea, e210315. https://doi.org/10.1590/1982-7849rac2022210315.en
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