Salami Science na Era do Open Data: Déjà lu e Accountability na Pesquisa em Gestão e Negócios



Artigo principal Conteúdo

Wesley Mendes-Da-Silva
Cristiana Cerqueira Leal

Resumo

É explícito o crescimento da quantidade de artigos, decorrentes de pesquisa científica, que diariamente são colocados ao dispor da sociedade por meio de publicação em periódicos científicos. De fato, conforme ilustra a Tabela 1, em 2018 foram publicados aproximadamente 2,6 milhões de artigos científicos, sugerindo uma taxa de crescimento anual ao redor de 3,8% desde 2008. Ao longo desse período, enquanto países economicamente desenvolvidos como os Estados Unidos, Alemanha, Reino Unido e Canadá apresentaram taxas de crescimento anual inferiores à média mundial (0,71%, 1,28%, 0,67% e 1,19% respectivamente), observa-se um aumento percentual significativo de publicações nos países de economia emergente – destacando-se o crescimento (anual) da China (7,81%), Índia (10,73%), Rússia (9,88%), Brasil (5,42%) e Irã (10,99%).
Este crescimento é algo muito positivo a priori, dado que a publicação científica continua a ser a melhor forma de validar o conhecimento e de os autores verem os créditos reconhecidos. Contudo, ele impõe um conjunto de custos igualmente crescentes. Destacamos não apenas custos financeiros, mas também custos que costumam ser esquecidos, tais como carga de trabalho cada vez mais onerosa para os avaliadores e alocação de recursos para processar submissões (sim, existe um custo considerável nessas atividades). Colocados em conjunto, e observadas condições de estoque e de fluxo, parece razoável examinar e manter sob observação a sustentabilidade da publicação científica como a conhecemos, especialmente aquela de acesso aberto. O campo de pesquisa em gestão e negócios, assim como demais campos de conhecimento, está sujeito a essas preocupações, e a Revista de Administração Contemporânea (RAC) compartilha essas preocupações.



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Mendes-Da-Silva, W., & Cerqueira Leal, C. (2020). Salami Science na Era do Open Data: Déjà lu e Accountability na Pesquisa em Gestão e Negócios. Revista De Administração Contemporânea, 25(1), e200194. https://doi.org/10.1590/1982-7849rac2021200194
Seção
Editorial

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